Makita 18V LXT XDT13Z vs Makita 18V LXT XDT14Z

Makita XDT13Z Angle 5

Makita XDT13Z

Quick take

The Makita 18V LXT XDT13Z and Makita 18V LXT XDT14Z share the same compact design language that is popular with Makita impact driver fans. Both also include a long tool and battery warranty and offer great battery run time. The primary differences are the XDT14Z is faster under load and it includes four drive modes, making it more than a one-trick pony. The XDT13Z pushes out more torque. Most people are better off with the XDT14Z with it offering more drive modes.

Brand Makita
Platform 18V LXT
Motor Brushless
Tested torque in-lbs 682.8
IPM 3,600.0
Drive modes 1
Collet 1/4-inch hex
Same as XDT13
Brand Makita
Platform 18V LXT
Motor Brushless
Tested torque in-lbs 589.8
IPM 3,800.0
Drive modes 4
Collet 1/4-inch hex
Same as XDT14

Editorial opinion

Rating

3.54 / 5 ⭐️’s

Methodology used: Heavy duty

Pros

  • Compact footprint
  • Long battery run time
  • Brushless motor
  • Long tool and battery warranty
  • Excellent noise performance

Cons

  • Single drive mode
  • Driving speed
  • Requires two hands to remove bits

Rating

4.61 / 5 ⭐️’s

Methodology used: Heavy duty

Pros

  • Compact footprint
  • Long battery run time
  • Brushless motor
  • Drive modes
  • Driving speed
  • Long tool and battery warranty
  • Versatile light

Cons

  • Poor noise performance
  • Requires two hands to remove bits

Global rankings

21 models tested

TestResultRank
Driving speed (sec.)19.213
Torque (in-lbs)682.88
Battery run time (min.)56.03
RPM3,107.010
Bare weight (lbs)2.029
Impacting noise (dBA)95.07
TestResultRank
Driving speed (sec.)14.64
Torque (in-lbs)589.814
Battery run time (min.)56.03
RPM3,301.04
Bare weight (lbs)1.946
Impacting noise (dBA)97.216

Kit and bare tool options

XDT13T

Includes (2) 18V 5Ah battery

XDT131

Includes (1) 18V 3Ah battery

XDT13SM1

Includes (1) 18V 4Ah battery

Lab results

Design & ergonomics

Stands upright w/o battery: Yes
Stands upright w/ battery: Yes
Grip material: Rubber overgrip
Magnetic holder: No
Bit holder: No
Belt hook: Yes
Handle angle (deg.): 82.0
Head angle (deg.): 90.0

The XDT13Z follows the familiar design language of Makita’s XDT lineup, including a compact body with a slightly forward-leaning handle angle. It also has excellent shock absorption, with the rubber overgrip covering a large amount of the grip.

This impact driver doesn’t include bells and whistles beyond a belt hook, such as a bit holder or magnetic fastener holder. Several Ryobi impact drivers have these convenient features without requiring buying a third-party add-on.

Design & ergonomics

Stands upright w/o battery: Yes
Stands upright w/ battery: Yes
Grip material: Rubber overgrip
Magnetic holder: No
Bit holder: No
Belt hook: Yes
Handle angle (deg.): 82.0
Head angle (deg.): 90.0

The XDT14Z follows the familiar design language of Makita’s XDT lineup, including a compact body with a slightly forward-leaning handle angle.

The impact driver also includes a belt hook, but there are few other bells and whistles, such as a bit holder or magnetic fastener holder. Several Ryobi impact drivers have these convenient features without requiring you to buy a third-party attachment to hold bits and screws on your impact driver.

Weight

Makita XDT13Z On Scale

Bare weight (lbs): 2.02
Weight w/ 2Ah battery (lbs): 2.86
Weight w/ 2.5Ah battery (lbs):  Not tested
Weight w/ 4Ah battery (lbs):  Not tested
Weight w/ 5Ah battery (lbs): 4.36

The XDT13Z is one of the heavier bare tools in the XDT lineup but is light compared to some other 18V impact drivers that more commonly approach 2.25 lbs.

The working weight can differ significantly depending on the battery run in your setup. To keep it as lightweight as possible, we recommend combining the XDT13Z with Makita’s LXT 18V 2Ah battery for a good balance of performance and weight.

If weight is less of a concern, pair the XDT13Z with Makita’s LXT 18V 5Ah battery for a longer run time and improved driving performance.

Compare weight test results

Weight

Makita XDT14Z On Scale

Bare weight (lbs): 1.94
Weight w/ 2Ah battery (lbs): 2.78
Weight w/ 2.5Ah battery (lbs):  Not tested
Weight w/ 4Ah battery (lbs):  Not tested
Weight w/ 5Ah battery (lbs): 4.28

The XDT14Z is exceptionally lightweight for an 18V impact driver, nearly rivaling the bare tool weight of sub-compact 12V impact drivers. Moreover, the working weight is comparatively low among the competition when kitted with one of Makita’s 18V LXT batteries.

To keep it as lightweight as possible, we recommend combining the XDT14Z with Makita’s 18V LXT 2Ah battery for a good balance of performance and weight.If weight is less of a concern, pair the XDT14Z with Makita’s 18V LXT 5Ah battery for a longer run time and improved driving performance.

Compare weight test results

Footprint

Makita XDT13Z Footprint1
Makita XDT13Z Footprint2

Max height (bare tool, in.): 7.625
Max width (bare tool, in.): 3.125
Collet to back length (in.): 4.875
Base length (bare tool, in.): 3.625
Base width (bare tool, in.): 3.125
Trigger circumference (in.): 6.250
Handle circumference (in.): 5.125

The XDT13Z squeezes nicely into tight spaces with its short collet-to-back length that rivals the footprints of sub-compact impact drivers. This maneuverable design is welcome, especially in this category where one shared sacrifice made for a low price is a bulky tool.

Compare footprint test results

Footprint

Makita XDT14Z Footprint1
Makita XDT14Z Footprint2

Max height (bare tool, in.): 7.250
Max width (bare tool, in.): 3.125
Collet to back length (in.): 4.625
Base length (bare tool, in.): 3.625
Base width (bare tool, in.): 3.125
Trigger circumference (in.): 6.250
Handle circumference (in.): 5.125

The XDT14Z is exceptionally compact and squeezes nicely into tight spaces with its short collet-to-back length, which is among the most compact we’ve tested outside of sub-compact impact drivers. The XDT14Z is a smidge shorter in height and a smidge longer from collet to back than its flagship cousin, the Makita 18V LXT XDT19Z.

Compare footprint test results

Motor

Motor: Brushless
Impacts per minute: 3,600.0

The XDT13Z includes a brushless motor that helps with battery life, smoothes driving performance, and improves durability. However, we haven’t tested the multi-year durability to confirm its working life.

The low advertised impacts per minute are one reason the XDT13Z doesn’t shine on par with flagship models in our lab driving speed tests.

Motor

Motor: Brushless
Impacts per minute: 3,800.0

Brushless motors offer vast performance improvements over brushed motors. The brushless motor in the XDT14Z improves longevity, driving performance, and increases battery run time.

The high advertised 3800.0 impacts per minute is one reason the XDT14Z shined in our driving speed tests.

Drive modes

Drive modes: 1
Drive mode 1:  Max impact 
Drive mode 2:  N/A 
Drive mode 3:  N/A 
Drive mode 4:  N/A 
Variable speed trigger: Yes

One critical area where the XDT13Z lacks versatility is that it includes just a single drive mode. The lacking versatility is most noticeable in lighter-duty tasks where precision driving wins over brute force.

The included variable speed trigger does help, but having the option to select a lower-speed driving mode is essential for finishing screws accurately. Makita also includes a helpful assist driving mode in many of its impact drivers that needs to be included here.

Jumping up to the Makita 18V LXT XDT14Z is worthwhile if you’ve got the budget. You’ll get four drive modes, improved driving speed and torque, and long battery life, all in the same

Drive modes

Makita XDT14Z Drive Modes

Drive modes: 4
Drive mode 1:  Hard impact 
Drive mode 2:  Medium impact 
Drive mode 3:  Soft impact 
Drive mode 4:  Self-tapping 
Variable speed trigger: Yes

One sacrifice we’re happy Makita avoided with this model is its drive mode settings. The XDT14Z doesn’t offer as many drive mode settings as its more expensive cousins. But it still includes the essential drive modes to satisfy most users and beats out many competing impact drivers that only offer a single drive mode.

You can select from four impact-frequency settings. Drive modes we label as 1, 2, 3, and 4 advertise max impacts per minute of 3800.0, 2600.0, 1100.0, and 2600.0, respectively.

Drive mode 1 is ideal for driving big structural screws and lag bolts efficiently, whereas drive modes 2 and 3 give you more control over the finished screw depth and help to avoid cam-out and stripped screws.

Drive mode 4 is the equivalent of a self-tapping mode other brands offer. This mode is ideal for driving screws into thin metal.

Unlike some of the best Makita impact drivers, there are no other specialty assist modes for loosening bolts. There also is no quick mode-switching button at the trigger to toggle to a favorite saved drive mode. These are two of the sacrifices made to bring the price down for the XDT14Z compared to other models in the XDT lineup.

Driving speed

GRK total driving time forward (sec.): 19.2
GRK average driving time forward (sec.): 3.8
GRK total driving time reverse (sec.): 12.7
GRK average driving time reverse (sec.): 2.5

We don’t recommend the XDT13Z if you need an impact driver that primarily excels in driving big lag bolts or structural screws. The comparatively low impacts per minute combined with the torque result in slow driving performance for a comparable 18V impact driver.

The Makita 18V LXT XDT19Z, Dewalt 20V Max XR DCF845, and Milwaukee M18 Fuel 2953-20 are better options for heavy-duty driving tasks.

Compare driving speed test results

Driving speed

GRK total driving time forward (sec.): 14.6
GRK average driving time forward (sec.): 2.9
GRK total driving time reverse (sec.): 10.8
GRK average driving time reverse (sec.): 2.2

If you covet an impact driver with brute force to drive screws rapidly, consider the XDT14Z. This impact driver turned in driving speed performance results that were on par with or better than several high-quality models with higher price tags.

Jump to the Milwaukee M18 Fuel 2953-20, Dewalt 20V Max DCF845, or Makita 18V LXT XDT19Z to squeeze out slightly improved driving speed.

Compare driving speed test results

Torque

Makita XDT13Z Torquemeter
Makita XDT13Z Torque Charts

Max torque drive mode 1 (in-lbs): 682.8
Max torque drive mode 2 (in-lbs): N/A
Max torque drive mode 3 (in-lbs): N/A
Max torque drive mode 4 (in-lbs): N/A

The XDT13Z has a moderately robust torque profile, though its twisting force can’t match what high-end impact drivers like the Milwaukee M18 Fuel 2953-20 deliver. However, the XDT13Z produces some of the highest torque we’ve tested in the budget impact driver category, and it is more than powerful enough to tackle demanding tasks.

Compare torque test results

Torque

Makita XDT14Z Torquemeter
Makita XDT14Z Torque Charts

Max torque drive mode 1 (in-lbs): 589.8
Max torque drive mode 2 (in-lbs): 248.4
Max torque drive mode 3 (in-lbs): 280.2
Max torque drive mode 4 (in-lbs): N/A

The XDT14Z isn’t the impact driver to buy for best-in-class torque. It is powerful enough to tackle any demanding job around the home and for DIY projects. But its tested torque output is middle of the pack, highlighting the fact that the XDT14Z is better for its RPM and associated driving speed, not breaking loose rusty lug nuts.

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Battery run time

Power type: Cordless
Battery run time (min.): 56.0
Battery tested: 18V LXT 2Ah (BL1820B)
Voltage: 18

Most Makita impact drivers we’ve tested have outstanding battery life, and that’s no different here. Battery run time is where the XDT13Z shines compared to other models in its price range, and even when compared to flagship models from other brands.

We tested battery run time with the 2Ah battery version. We expect the battery run time to perform similarly well when running the XDT13Z with a Makita 18V LXT 5Ah battery and comparing it with 5Ah setups from other brands.

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Battery run time

Power type: Cordless
Battery run time (min.): 56.0
Battery tested: 18V LXT 2Ah (BL1820B)
Voltage: 18

One of the XDT14Z’s standout features is its battery run time. This impact driver delivered some of the longest battery run times we’ve come across and handily beats many similarly-priced models.

We tested battery run time with the 2Ah battery version. We expect the battery run time to perform similarly well when running the XDT14Z with an 18 LXT 5Ah battery and comparing it with 5Ah setups from other brands.

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Battery lineup

Makita 18V LXT Battery Lineup

Makita offers 2Ah, 3Ah, 4Ah, 5Ah, and 6Ah batteries in its 18V LXT lineup. Upgrading to the higher Ah options increases battery run time and improves driving performance, though we’ve not tested all of these batteries to understand the cost tradeoffs.

That said, having at least two batteries in your setup is best so you don’t miss a beat when draining one battery. We recommend buying a Makita 18V LXT 2Ah and a Makita 18V LXT 5Ah battery for most 18V LXT impact driver setups for a good balance of performance, price, and size.

Makita’s standard chargers only charge a single battery voltage. You’ll need a dedicated charger for your 12V, 18V, and 40V Makita tools. Many Milwaukee impact drivers come in kits with a hybrid 12V and 18V charger in one, which conveniently saves space in your shop if you have multiple tools in the ecosystem.

Battery lineup

Makita 18V LXT Battery Lineup

Makita offers 2Ah, 3Ah, 4Ah, 5Ah, and 6Ah batteries in its 18V LXT lineup. Upgrading to the higher Ah options increases battery run time and improves driving performance, though we’ve not tested all of these batteries to understand the cost tradeoffs.

Having at least two batteries in your setup is best so you don’t miss a beat when draining one battery. We recommend buying a Makita 18V LXT 2Ah and a Makita 18V LXT 5Ah battery for most Makita LXT impact driver setups for a good balance of performance, price, and size.

Makita’s standard chargers only charge a single battery voltage. You’ll need a dedicated charger for our 12V, 18V, and 40V Makita tools. Many Milwaukee impact drivers come in kits with a hybrid 12V and 18V charger in one, which conveniently saves space in your shop if you have multiple tools in the ecosystem.

Charging time

Makita 18V Fuel Gauge

Charger tested: Makita LXT Rapid Optimum (DC18RC)
Charging time 2Ah battery (min.): 24.0
Charging time 2.5Ah battery (min.): Not tested
Charging time 4Ah battery (min.): Not tested
Charging time 5Ah battery (min.): 51.0
Charging time per Ah (min.): 11.1
Fuel gauge: On battery

The Rapid Optimum charger (DC18RC) included in most Makita kits charges batteries exceptionally fast. Our tests found that this charger tops off 5Ah batteries in less time than it takes to charge smaller-capacity 2Ah batteries from other brands using their standard kit chargers.

Makita’s DC18RC charger only charges a single battery voltage. You’ll need a dedicated charger for your 12V and 18V Makita tools. Many Milwaukee drills and Dewalt drills come in kits with chargers that charge multiple voltage batteries in one, conveniently saving space in your shop if you have several tools on those platforms.

Compare charging test results

Charging time

Makita 18V Fuel Gauge

Charger tested: Makita LXT Rapid Optimum (DC18RC)
Charging time 2Ah battery (min.): 24.0
Charging time 2.5Ah battery (min.): Not tested
Charging time 4Ah battery (min.): Not tested
Charging time 5Ah battery (min.): 51.0
Charging time per Ah (min.): 11.1
Fuel gauge: On battery

The Rapid Optimum charger (DC18RC) included in most Makita kits charges batteries exceptionally fast. Our tests found that this charger tops off 5Ah batteries in less time than it takes to charge smaller-capacity 2Ah batteries from other brands using their standard kit chargers.

Makita’s DC18RC charger only charges a single battery voltage. You’ll need a dedicated charger for your 12V and 18V Makita tools. Many Milwaukee drills and Dewalt drills come in kits with chargers that charge multiple voltage batteries in one, conveniently saving space in your shop if you have several tools on those platforms.

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RPM

Makita XDT13Z RPM Charts

Max RPM drive mode 1 (fwd.): 3,107.0
Max RPM drive mode 2 (fwd.): N/A
Max RPM drive mode 3 (fwd.): N/A
Max RPM drive mode 4 (fwd.): N/A
Max RPM drive mode 1 (rev.): 3,319.0
Max RPM drive mode 2 (rev.): N/A
Max RPM drive mode 3 (rev.): N/A
Max RPM drive mode 4 (rev.): N/A

RPM performance isn’t critical for heavy-duty fastening since torque and impacts per minute contribute more to driving big screws quickly. That said, the XDT13Z’s no-load RPM is in the middle of the pack, which leads to solid driving performance without the hammer impacting, such as driving screws into 2×4 lumber. In this scenario, a cordless drill with a clutch may be a better power tool, but it’s good to have versatility when your drill driver isn’t in reach.

Switching to reverse significantly increases the RPM, helpful for dislodging stubborn screws.

Compare RPM test results

RPM

Makita XDT14Z RPM Charts

Max RPM drive mode 1 (fwd.): 3,301.0
Max RPM drive mode 2 (fwd.): 1,766.0
Max RPM drive mode 3 (fwd.): 946.0
Max RPM drive mode 4 (fwd.): 3,231.0
Max RPM drive mode 1 (rev.): 3,139.0
Max RPM drive mode 2 (rev.): 2,004.0
Max RPM drive mode 3 (rev.): 1,033.0
Max RPM drive mode 4 (rev.): 3,571.0

The XDT14Z shined in our driving speed tests partly because of the high RPM readings we measured. The high RPM drives screws quickly before impacting takes over, with the torque doing most of the work thereafter.

We measured the highest RPM readout with the XDT14Z in reverse in drive mode 4, which offers extra oomph for busting loose stubborn screws and bolts.

Compare RPM test results

Driving clearance

Min. interior width clearance (in.): 7.625
Min. top edge clearance (in.): 1.250
Min. interior 45-deg. clearance (in.): 5.875

The XDT13Z has a short length from the collet to the back. The small size explains why it nicely squeezes into tight spaces, including reaching through small openings and performing well in our driving clearance tests. The XDT13Z is one of the few models we’ve tested that broke the six-inch threshold in our interior 45-degree driving clearance test.

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Driving clearance

Min. interior width clearance (in.): 7.375
Min. top edge clearance (in.): 1.000
Min. interior 45-deg. clearance (in.): 5.875

The XDT14Z squeezes well into small openings and tight spaces. Notably, it has a short length from the collet to the back. It is one of the few models we’ve tested that broke the 6-inch threshold in our interior 45-degree driving clearance test.

Compare driving clearance test results

Noise

XDT13Z Impact Driver Noise Chart

Max noise no load (dBA): 82.4
Max impacting noise (dBA): 95.0

The XDT13Z has excellent noise performance when impacting, especially for a non-hydraulic impact driver. Prolonged exposure to any impact driver’s percussion noise is damaging, but this is a good option if reducing noise is essential.

The Milwaukee M12 Fuel Surge 2551-20 and Milwaukee M18 Fuel Surge 2760-20 are other options since both are hydraulic impact drivers with quieter impacts.

Compare noise test results

Noise

XDT14Z Impact Driver Noise Chart

Max noise no load (dBA): 77.9
Max impacting noise (dBA): 97.2

One downside is the noise performance. While no impact driver is tame, the XDT14Z is among the louder models we’ve tested when impacting.

The Milwaukee M12 Fuel Surge 2551-20 and Milwaukee M18 Fuel Surge 2760-20 are quieter options since both are hydraulic impact drivers with subtler impacts, albeit lower torque.

Compare noise test results

Vibration

Max head vibration no load (m/s2): 30.1
Max grip vibration no load (m/s2): 3.9

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Vibration

Max head vibration no load (m/s2): 36.8
Max grip vibration no load (m/s2): 2.3

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Light

Makita XDT13Z Light
Makita XDT13Z Light Closeup

Light: Yes
Light on/off: No
Number of lights: 2
Light time delay (sec.): 10.0

Many Makita impact drivers include a light with an on/off switch, but that’s one feature Makita dropped to lower the price point. That said, the light is bright enough to illuminate your work surface properly, and the light has a 10-second delay when releasing the trigger.

Light

Makita XDT14Z Light
Makita XDT14Z Light Closeup

Light: Yes
Light on/off: Yes
Number of lights: 2
Light time delay (sec.): 10.0

The XDT14Z’s light illuminates work surfaces well but has a smaller coverage area than other Makita 18V XDT impact drivers. Nicely, you can enable or disable the light by holding the drive mode settings button for a few seconds. Turning off the light is good for versatility and saves battery life. Otherwise, there is a 10-second delay for the light to turn off after releasing the trigger.

One feature Makita cut to reduce the price tag is that the XDT14Z can’t act as a dedicated flashlight. Other impact drivers, such as the Makita 18V LXT XDT19Z and Makita 40V XGT GDT01Z do include this feature where you can set the forward/reverse switch to the neutral position, then squeeze the trigger to turn on the light and squeeze it again to turn off the light.

Collet

Makita XDT13Z Collet Closeup

Collet size: 1/4-inch hex
Quick-change collet: Yes
Bit-eject collet: No
Easy-insert collet: Yes

The XDT13Z requires two hands to remove a bit since it doesn’t include a bit eject collet. Makita’s collets don’t smoothly accept an inserted bit like Dewalt and Ryobi models, but you can insert a bit with one hand without extending the collet.

Most Dewalt impact drivers are ideal for one-handed bit changes since these impact drivers include a well-designed easy-insert and bit-eject collet.

Collet

Makita XDT14Z Collet Closeup

Collet size: 1/4-inch hex
Quick-change collet: Yes
Bit-eject collet: No
Easy-insert collet: Yes

The XDT14Z requires two hands to remove a bit since it doesn’t include a bit eject collet. Makita’s collets don’t smoothly accept an inserted bit like Dewalt and Ryobi models, but you can insert a bit with one hand on the XDT14Z without extending the collet.

Most Dewalt impact drivers are ideal for one-handed bit changes since these impact drivers include a well-designed easy-insert and bit-eject collet.

App integration

App integration: None

There is no bluetooth app integration to review impact driver diagnostics or to customize driving profiles on your phone. Dewalt’s ToolConnect and Milwaukee’s One Key models offer app integrations that track impact driver usage, display tool diagnostics, and allow you to set custom driving profiles, such as adjusting the RPM for each drive mode.

App integration

App integration: None

There is no bluetooth app integration to review impact driver diagnostics or to customize driving profiles on your phone. Dewalt’s ToolConnect and Milwaukee’s One Key models offer app integrations that track impact driver usage, display tool diagnostics, and allow you to set custom driving profiles, such as adjusting the RPM for each drive mode.

Warranty

Tool warranty (years): 3
Battery warranty (years): 3

Makita stands behind the durability of its impact drivers with exceptionally-long warranties. The XDT13Z has a three-year warranty. Makita 18V LXT batteries include a three-year warranty.

Warranty

Tool warranty (years): 3
Battery warranty (years): 3

Makita stands behind the durability of its impact drivers with exceptionally-long warranties. The XDT14Z has a three-year warranty. Makita 18V LXT batteries include a three-year warranty.

Nathan Hamilton
Nathan Hamilton
Nathan Hamilton is the founder of DIY Gear Reviews and a recognized expert in the home and DIY space. He has over 200 bylines covering topics such as power tools, hand tools, and woodworking. Nathan is the strategic director for DIY Gear Reviews, deciding everything from the content covered to designing the testing methodologies for lab-tested reviews. He can be emailed at nhamilton@diygearreviews.com.

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