Makita 18V LXT XDT14Z vs Makita 18V LXT XDT19Z

Makita XDT14Z Angle 5

Makita XDT14Z

Quick take

The Makita 18V LXT XDT14Z and Makita 18V LXT XDT19Z are two very similar impact drivers that are fast with compact, lightweight designs. The main advantages of jumping to the XDT19Z are a shorter length from tip to tail and more specialty driver modes. As a result, it is considerably more expensive, making the XDT19Z a better value for most people.

Brand Makita
Platform 18V LXT
Motor Brushless
Tested torque in-lbs 589.8
IPM 3,800.0
Drive modes 4
Collet 1/4-inch hex
Same as XDT14
Brand Makita
Platform 18V LXT
Motor Brushless
Tested torque in-lbs 595.2
IPM 3,800.0
Drive modes 8
Collet 1/4-inch hex
Same as XDT19

Editorial opinion

Rating

4.61 / 5 stars

Methodology used: Heavy duty

Pros

  • Compact footprint
  • Long battery run time
  • Brushless motor
  • Drive modes
  • Driving speed
  • Long tool and battery warranty
  • Versatile light

Cons

  • Poor noise performance
  • Requires two hands to remove bits

Rating

4.62 / 5 stars

Methodology used: Heavy duty

Pros

  • Compact footprint
  • Long battery run time
  • Brushless motor
  • Drive modes
  • Driving speed
  • Long tool and battery warranty
  • Versatile light

Cons

  • Poor noise performance
  • Requires two hands to remove bits

Global rankings

21 models tested

TestResultRank
Driving speed (sec.)14.64
Torque (in-lbs)589.814
Battery run time (min.)56.03
RPM3,301.04
Bare weight (lbs)1.946
Impacting noise (dBA)97.216
TestResultRank
Driving speed (sec.)13.73
Torque (in-lbs)595.213
Battery run time (min.)48.06
RPM3,296.05
Bare weight (lbs)1.885
Impacting noise (dBA)96.615

Recommended configuration

XDT14T

Includes (2) 18V 5Ah battery

Lab results

Torque

Makita XDT14Z Torquemeter
Makita XDT14Z Torque Charts

Max torque drive mode 1 (in-lbs): 589.8
Max torque drive mode 2 (in-lbs): 248.4
Max torque drive mode 3 (in-lbs): 280.2
Max torque drive mode 4 (in-lbs): N/A

The XDT14Z isn’t the impact driver to buy for best-in-class torque. It is powerful enough to tackle any demanding job around the home and for DIY projects. But its tested torque output is middle of the pack, highlighting the fact that the XDT14Z is better for its RPM and associated driving speed, not breaking loose rusty lug nuts.

Compare torque test results

Torque

Makita XDT19Z Torquemeter
Makita XDT19Z Torque Charts

Max torque drive mode 1 (in-lbs): 595.2
Max torque drive mode 2 (in-lbs): 577.8
Max torque drive mode 3 (in-lbs): 275.4
Max torque drive mode 4 (in-lbs): 275.4

The XDT19Z offers flagship-level driving speed with its high max RPM. But its torque profile is more subtle and doesn’t compete with the highest torque impact drivers we’ve tested, such as the Milwaukee M18 Fuel 2953-20.

The XDT14Z won’t perform as well in demanding torque applications, including busting loose stubborn bolts, as it will driving screws quickly, which it excels at

Compare torque test results

RPM

Makita XDT14Z RPM Charts

Max RPM drive mode 1 (fwd.): 3,301.0
Max RPM drive mode 2 (fwd.): 1,766.0
Max RPM drive mode 3 (fwd.): 946.0
Max RPM drive mode 4 (fwd.): 3,231.0
Max RPM drive mode 1 (rev.): 3,139.0
Max RPM drive mode 2 (rev.): 2,004.0
Max RPM drive mode 3 (rev.): 1,033.0
Max RPM drive mode 4 (rev.): 3,571.0

The XDT14Z shined in our driving speed tests partly because of the high RPM readings we measured. The high RPM drives screws quickly before impacting takes over, with the torque doing most of the work thereafter.

We measured the highest RPM readout with the XDT14Z in reverse in drive mode 4, which offers extra oomph for busting loose stubborn screws and bolts.

Compare RPM test results

RPM

Makita XDT19Z RPM Charts

Max RPM drive mode 1 (fwd.): 3,296.0
Max RPM drive mode 2 (fwd.): 2,867.0
Max RPM drive mode 3 (fwd.): 1,794.0
Max RPM drive mode 4 (fwd.): 964.0
Max RPM drive mode 1 (rev.): 3,296.0
Max RPM drive mode 2 (rev.): 2,914.0
Max RPM drive mode 3 (rev.): 1,848.0
Max RPM drive mode 4 (rev.): 1,022.0

The XDT19Z has a comparatively high max RPM, great for driving screws rapidly. Other impact drivers with high RPM readings can suffer from frequent cam-out and stripped screws, but the XDT19Z’s array of drive modes fixes this potential issue.

While we didn’t test the RPM for the bolt loosening assist setting, the trigger is noticeably more sensitive in reverse when using this drive mode, resulting in the RPM ramping quicker with a shorter trigger pull than other drive modes.

Compare RPM test results

Driving speed

GRK total driving time forward (sec.): 14.6
GRK average driving time forward (sec.): 2.9
GRK total driving time reverse (sec.): 10.8
GRK average driving time reverse (sec.): 2.2

If you covet an impact driver with brute force to drive screws rapidly, consider the XDT14Z. This impact driver turned in driving speed performance results that were on par with or better than several high-quality models with higher price tags.

Jump to the Milwaukee M18 Fuel 2953-20, Dewalt 20V Max DCF845, or Makita 18V LXT XDT19Z to squeeze out slightly improved driving speed.

Compare driving speed test results

Driving speed

GRK total driving time forward (sec.): 13.7
GRK average driving time forward (sec.): 2.7
GRK total driving time reverse (sec.): 10.1
GRK average driving time reverse (sec.): 2.0

The combination of the XDT19Z’s torque, impacts per minute, and high RPM results in fantastic driving performance. We tested the driving speed using the highest-frequency impact setting and achieved speeds that were among the fastest we’ve come across.

The Milwaukee M18 Fuel 2953-20 and Dewalt 20V Max XR DCF845 are alternatives if you want to squeeze out slightly improved driving speed.

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Drive modes

Makita XDT14Z Drive Modes

Drive modes: 4
Drive mode 1:  Hard impact 
Drive mode 2:  Medium impact 
Drive mode 3:  Soft impact 
Drive mode 4:  Self-tapping 
Variable speed trigger: Yes

One sacrifice we’re happy Makita avoided with this model is its drive mode settings. The XDT14Z doesn’t offer as many drive mode settings as its more expensive cousins. But it still includes the essential drive modes to satisfy most users and beats out many competing impact drivers that only offer a single drive mode.

You can select from four impact-frequency settings. Drive modes we label as 1, 2, 3, and 4 advertise max impacts per minute of 3800.0, 2600.0, 1100.0, and 2600.0, respectively.

Drive mode 1 is ideal for driving big structural screws and lag bolts efficiently, whereas drive modes 2 and 3 give you more control over the finished screw depth and help to avoid cam-out and stripped screws.

Drive mode 4 is the equivalent of a self-tapping mode other brands offer. This mode is ideal for driving screws into thin metal.

Unlike some of the best Makita impact drivers, there are no other specialty assist modes for loosening bolts. There also is no quick mode-switching button at the trigger to toggle to a favorite saved drive mode. These are two of the sacrifices made to bring the price down for the XDT14Z compared to other models in the XDT lineup.

Drive modes

Makita XDT19Z Drive Modes

Drive modes: 8
Drive mode 1:  Max impact 
Drive mode 2:  Hard impact 
Drive mode 3:  Medium impact 
Drive mode 4:  Soft impact 
Variable speed trigger: Yes

Makita’s high-end impact drivers are packed with drive mode configurations that give you unmatched driving versatility, essentially giving you a single tool that handily tackles light and heavy-duty tasks. You can select from four impact-frequency settings, and there are also four assist modes for driving screws into different materials and for loosening bolts. The eight driving modes can also be programmed to the quick mode-switching button near the trigger for toggling to a saved favorite drive mode.

Drive modes we label as 1, 2, 3, and 4 advertise max impacts per minute of 3800.0, 3600.0, 2600.0, and 1100.0, respectively.

When pressing the assist button, you can select from the following drive modes:

  • Wood: Prevents a screw from stripping and helps set the screw into your work material by starting with a slow RPM and then increasing the RPM once the hammer begins impacting.
  • Bolt loosening: The tool automatically stops once a bolt is loosened in reverse mode. This action ensures that bolts don’t fall off. The trigger is also more sensitive, so the RPMs ramp faster with a shorter pull.
  • Self-tapping 1: Prevents screws from over-tightening by stopping the tool soon after impacts start.
  • Self-tapping 2: Prevents cam-out and stripping of screws by slowing the RPM when impacts begin.

The assist modes are more than a marketing gimmick and work well in practice. The wood assist mode finishes screws nicely into your work material, and the jolt of turbo is welcome for longer screws. Consider that you lose some precision driving the screw to a desired depth as the RPM ramps.

The self-tapping modes precisely drive screws into thin or thicker metal and lower-density materials without over-tightening.

Collet

Makita XDT14Z Collet Closeup

Collet size: 1/4-inch hex
Quick-change collet: Yes
Bit-eject collet: No
Easy-insert collet: Yes

The XDT14Z requires two hands to remove a bit since it doesn’t include a bit eject collet. Makita’s collets don’t smoothly accept an inserted bit like Dewalt and Ryobi models, but you can insert a bit with one hand on the XDT14Z without extending the collet.

Most Dewalt impact drivers are ideal for one-handed bit changes since these impact drivers include a well-designed easy-insert and bit-eject collet.

Collet

Makita XDT19Z Collet Closeup

Collet size: 1/4-inch hex
Quick-change collet: Yes
Bit-eject collet: No
Easy-insert collet: No

The XDT19Z requires two hands to remove a bit since it doesn’t include a bit eject collet. Makita’s collets don’t smoothly accept an inserted bit like Dewalt and Ryobi models, but you can insert a bit with one hand on the XDT19Z without extending the collet.

Most Dewalt impact drivers are ideal for one-handed bit changes since these impact drivers include a well-designed easy-insert and bit-eject collet.

Motor

Motor: Brushless
Impacts per minute: 3,800.0

Brushless motors offer vast performance improvements over brushed motors. The brushless motor in the XDT14Z improves longevity, driving performance, and increases battery run time.

The high advertised 3800.0 impacts per minute is one reason the XDT14Z shined in our driving speed tests.

Motor

Motor: Brushless
Impacts per minute: 3,800.0

The XDT19Z includes a brushless motor, which offers vast performance improvements over brushed motors. The brushless motor improves longevity and driving performance and increases battery run time.

The advertised impacts per minute are one feature that doesn’t jump off the specs sheet. However, this spec doesn’t tell the whole story. The XDT19Z shined in our driving tests, including its snappy speed when driving big bolts and other screws.

Battery run time

Power type: Cordless
Battery run time (min.): 56.0
Battery tested: 18V LXT 2Ah (BL1820B)
Voltage: 18

One of the XDT14Z’s standout features is its battery run time. This impact driver delivered some of the longest battery run times we’ve come across and handily beats many similarly-priced models.

We tested battery run time with the 2Ah battery version. We expect the battery run time to perform similarly well when running the XDT14Z with an 18 LXT 5Ah battery and comparing it with 5Ah setups from other brands.

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Battery run time

Power type: Cordless
Battery run time (min.): 48.0
Battery tested: 18V LXT 2Ah (BL1820B)
Voltage: 18

Makita’s 18V XDT lineup has outstanding battery run time performance, which holds with the XDT19Z. While the run time falls slightly behind the Makita 18V LXT XDT14Z and Makita 18V LXT XDT13Z, the no-load battery run time is still among the best we’ve tested.

We tested battery run time with the 2Ah battery version. We expect the battery run time to perform similarly well when running the XDT19Z with an 18V LXT 5Ah battery and comparing it with 5Ah setups from other brands.

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Charging time

Makita 18V Fuel Gauge

Charger tested: Makita LXT Rapid Optimum (DC18RC)
Charging time 2Ah battery (min.): 24.0
Charging time 2.5Ah battery (min.): Not tested
Charging time 4Ah battery (min.): Not tested
Charging time 5Ah battery (min.): 51.0
Charging time per Ah (min.): 11.1
Fuel gauge: On battery

The Rapid Optimum charger (DC18RC) included in most Makita kits charges batteries exceptionally fast. Our tests found that this charger tops off 5Ah batteries in less time than it takes to charge smaller-capacity 2Ah batteries from other brands using their standard kit chargers.

Makita’s DC18RC charger only charges a single battery voltage. You’ll need a dedicated charger for your 12V and 18V Makita tools. Many Milwaukee drills and Dewalt drills come in kits with chargers that charge multiple voltage batteries in one, conveniently saving space in your shop if you have several tools on those platforms.

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Charging time

Makita 18V Fuel Gauge

Charger tested: Makita LXT Rapid Optimum (DC18RC)
Charging time 2Ah battery (min.): 24.0
Charging time 2.5Ah battery (min.): Not tested
Charging time 4Ah battery (min.): Not tested
Charging time 5Ah battery (min.): 51.0
Charging time per Ah (min.): 11.1
Fuel gauge: On battery

The Rapid Optimum charger (DC18RC) included in most Makita kits charges batteries exceptionally fast. Our tests found that this charger tops off 5Ah batteries in less time than it takes to charge smaller-capacity 2Ah batteries from other brands using their standard kit chargers.

Makita’s DC18RC charger only charges a single battery voltage. You’ll need a dedicated charger for your 12V and 18V Makita tools. Many Milwaukee drills and Dewalt drills come in kits with chargers that charge multiple voltage batteries in one, conveniently saving space in your shop if you have several tools on those platforms.

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Design & ergonomics

Stands upright w/o battery: Yes
Stands upright w/ battery: Yes
Grip material: Rubber overgrip
Magnetic holder: No
Bit holder: No
Belt hook: Yes
Handle angle (deg.): 82.0
Head angle (deg.): 90.0

Design & ergonomics

Stands upright w/o battery: Yes
Stands upright w/ battery: Yes
Grip material: Rubber overgrip
Magnetic holder: No
Bit holder: No
Belt hook: Yes
Handle angle (deg.): 82.0
Head angle (deg.): 90.0

Weight

Makita XDT14Z On Scale

Bare weight (lbs): 1.94
Weight w/ 2Ah battery (lbs): 2.78
Weight w/ 2.5Ah battery (lbs):  Not tested
Weight w/ 4Ah battery (lbs):  Not tested
Weight w/ 5Ah battery (lbs): 4.28

The XDT14Z is exceptionally lightweight for an 18V impact driver, nearly rivaling the bare tool weight of sub-compact 12V impact drivers. Moreover, the working weight is comparatively low among the competition when kitted with one of Makita’s 18V LXT batteries.

To keep it as lightweight as possible, we recommend combining the XDT14Z with Makita’s 18V LXT 2Ah battery for a good balance of performance and weight.If weight is less of a concern, pair the XDT14Z with Makita’s 18V LXT 5Ah battery for a longer run time and improved driving performance.

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Weight

Makita XDT19Z On Scale

Bare weight (lbs): 1.88
Weight w/ 2Ah battery (lbs): 2.72
Weight w/ 2.5Ah battery (lbs):  Not tested
Weight w/ 4Ah battery (lbs):  Not tested
Weight w/ 5Ah battery (lbs): 4.22

The XDT19Z is one of the lighter bare tools in the 18V XDT lineup, which is already light compared to many similar impact drivers that more commonly approach 2.25 lbs.

The working weight can differ significantly depending on the battery run in your setup. To keep it as lightweight as possible, we recommend combining the XDT19Z with Makita’s 18V LXT 2Ah battery for a good balance of performance and weight.

If weight is less of a concern, pair the XDT19Z with Makita’s 18V LXT 5Ah battery for a longer run time and improved driving performance.

Compare weight test results

Footprint

Makita XDT14Z Footprint1
Makita XDT14Z Footprint2

Max height (bare tool, in.): 7.250
Max width (bare tool, in.): 3.125
Collet to back length (in.): 4.625
Base length (bare tool, in.): 3.625
Base width (bare tool, in.): 3.125
Trigger circumference (in.): 6.250
Handle circumference (in.): 5.125

The XDT14Z is exceptionally compact and squeezes nicely into tight spaces with its short collet-to-back length, which is among the most compact we’ve tested outside of sub-compact impact drivers. The XDT14Z is a smidge shorter in height and a smidge longer from collet to back than its flagship cousin, the Makita 18V LXT XDT19Z.

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Footprint

Makita XDT19Z Footprint1
Makita XDT19Z Footprint2

Max height (bare tool, in.): 7.375
Max width (bare tool, in.): 3.125
Collet to back length (in.): 4.500
Base length (bare tool, in.): 3.625
Base width (bare tool, in.): 3.125
Trigger circumference (in.): 6.250
Handle circumference (in.): 5.125

The XDT19Z is exceptionally compact and squeezes nicely into tight spaces with its short collet-to-back length, which is among the most compact we’ve tested outside of sub-compact impact drivers.

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Driving clearance

Min. interior width clearance (in.): 7.375
Min. top edge clearance (in.): 1.000
Min. interior 45-deg. clearance (in.): 5.875

The XDT14Z squeezes well into small openings and tight spaces. Notably, it has a short length from the collet to the back. It is one of the few models we’ve tested that broke the 6-inch threshold in our interior 45-degree driving clearance test.

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Driving clearance

Min. interior width clearance (in.): 7.375
Min. top edge clearance (in.): 1.000
Min. interior 45-deg. clearance (in.): 5.750

The XDT19Z has a short length from the collet to the back, squeezing well into small openings and tight corners. The XDT19Z is one of the few models we’ve tested that broke the 6-inch threshold in our interior 45-degree driving clearance test.

Compare driving clearance test results

Noise

XDT14Z Impact Driver Noise Chart

Max noise no load (dBA): 77.9
Max impacting noise (dBA): 97.2

One downside is the noise performance. While no impact driver is tame, the XDT14Z is among the louder models we’ve tested when impacting.

The Milwaukee M12 Fuel Surge 2551-20 and Milwaukee M18 Fuel Surge 2760-20 are quieter options since both are hydraulic impact drivers with subtler impacts, albeit lower torque.

Compare noise test results

Noise

XDT19Z Impact Driver Noise Chart

Max noise no load (dBA): 80.4
Max impacting noise (dBA): 96.6

One letdown is the noise performance. While no impact driver is a joy to listen to, the XDT19Z is among the louder models we’ve tested when impacting.

The Milwaukee M12 Fuel Surge 2551-20 and Milwaukee M18 Fuel Surge 2760-20 are quieter options since both are hydraulic impact drivers with subtler impacts, albeit lower torque.

Compare noise test results

Vibration

Max head vibration no load (m/s2): 36.8
Max grip vibration no load (m/s2): 2.3

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Vibration

Max head vibration no load (m/s2): 14.8
Max grip vibration no load (m/s2): 2.9

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Light

Makita XDT14Z Light
Makita XDT14Z Light Closeup

Light: Yes
Light on/off: Yes
Number of lights: 2
Light time delay (sec.): 10.0

The XDT14Z’s light illuminates work surfaces well but has a smaller coverage area than other Makita 18V XDT impact drivers. Nicely, you can enable or disable the light by holding the drive mode settings button for a few seconds. Turning off the light is good for versatility and saves battery life. Otherwise, there is a 10-second delay for the light to turn off after releasing the trigger.

One feature Makita cut to reduce the price tag is that the XDT14Z can’t act as a dedicated flashlight. Other impact drivers, such as the Makita 18V LXT XDT19Z and Makita 40V XGT GDT01Z do include this feature where you can set the forward/reverse switch to the neutral position, then squeeze the trigger to turn on the light and squeeze it again to turn off the light.

Light

Makita XDT19Z Light
Makita XDT19Z Light Closeup

Light: Yes
Light on/off: Yes
Number of lights: 2
Light time delay (sec.): 10.0

The XDT19Z’s light illuminates work surfaces well with a large coverage area. Nicely, you can enable or disable the light by holding the drive mode settings button for a few seconds. Turning off the light is good for versatility and saves battery life. Otherwise, there is a 10-second delay for the light to turn off after releasing the trigger.

Another unique feature is that the XDT19Z acts as a dedicated flashlight. Set the forward/reverse switch to the neutral position, then squeeze the trigger to turn on the light and squeeze it again to turn off the light.

Warranty

Tool warranty (years): 3
Battery warranty (years): 3

Makita stands behind the durability of its impact drivers with exceptionally-long warranties. The XDT14Z has a three-year warranty. Makita 18V LXT batteries include a three-year warranty.

Warranty

Tool warranty (years): 3
Battery warranty (years): 3

Makita stands behind the durability of its impact drivers with exceptionally-long warranties. The XDT19Z has a three-year warranty. Makita 18V LXT batteries include a three-year warranty as well.

Picture of Nathan Hamilton
Nathan Hamilton
Nathan Hamilton is the founder of DIY Gear Reviews and a recognized expert in the home and DIY space. He has over 200 bylines covering topics such as power tools, hand tools, and woodworking. Nathan is the strategic director for DIY Gear Reviews, deciding everything from the content covered to designing the testing methodologies for lab-tested reviews. He can be emailed at nhamilton@diygearreviews.com.

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