Makita 18V LXT XDT13Z Impact Driver Review

Makita XDT13Z Angle 5

Quick take

The Makita 18V LXT XDT13Z is svelte and has a long battery run time, two features not commonly mentioned in the same sentence when discussing competing budget models. Makita also offers an outstanding warranty on its tools and batteries, so durability shouldn’t be a concern. The main sacrifices made to hit this price point include just a single drive mode and OK driving speed. Consider the XDT13Z if you do not want to break the bank and want a tool that punches above its weight. Still, you’ll need to jump up in price in the Makita lineup and with other manufacturers to get better driving performance and more versatility. Accordingly, the XDT13Z is best suited for DIY use around the home but not for light-duty tasks.

Brand Makita
Platform 18V LXT
Motor Brushless
Tested torque in-lbs 682.8
IPM 3,600.0
Drive modes 1
Collet 1/4-inch hex
Same as XDT13

Global rankings

21 models tested

TestResultRank
Driving speed (sec.)19.213
Torque (in-lbs)682.88
Battery run time (min.)56.03
RPM3,107.010
Bare weight (lbs)2.029
Impacting noise (dBA)95.07

Editorial opinion

Methodology used: Heavy duty

Editorial rating

3.54 / 5 stars

Pros

  • Compact footprint
  • Long battery run time
  • Brushless motor
  • Long tool and battery warranty
  • Excellent noise performance

Cons

  • Single drive mode
  • Driving speed
  • Requires two hands to remove bits

Recommended configuration

XDT13T

Includes (2) 18V 5Ah battery

Series lineup

Model #PlatformDrive ModesTorqueIPMReview
GDT01Z40V XGT10758.4 in-lbs4,400.0Full review
XDT13Z18V LXT1682.8 in-lbs3,600.0Full review
XDT14Z18V LXT4589.8 in-lbs3,800.0Full review
XDT19Z18V LXT8595.2 in-lbs3,800.0Full review

Lab results

Torque

Makita XDT13Z Torquemeter
Makita XDT13Z Torque Charts

Max torque drive mode 1 (in-lbs): 682.8
Max torque drive mode 2 (in-lbs): N/A
Max torque drive mode 3 (in-lbs): N/A
Max torque drive mode 4 (in-lbs): N/A

The XDT13Z has a moderately robust torque profile, though its twisting force can’t match what high-end impact drivers like the Milwaukee M18 Fuel 2953-20 deliver. However, the XDT13Z produces some of the highest torque we’ve tested in the budget impact driver category, and it is more than powerful enough to tackle demanding tasks.

Compare torque test results

RPM

Makita XDT13Z RPM Charts

Max RPM drive mode 1 (fwd.): 3,107.0
Max RPM drive mode 2 (fwd.): N/A
Max RPM drive mode 3 (fwd.): N/A
Max RPM drive mode 4 (fwd.): N/A
Max RPM drive mode 1 (rev.): 3,319.0
Max RPM drive mode 2 (rev.): N/A
Max RPM drive mode 3 (rev.): N/A
Max RPM drive mode 4 (rev.): N/A

RPM performance isn’t critical for heavy-duty fastening since torque and impacts per minute contribute more to driving big screws quickly. That said, the XDT13Z’s no-load RPM is in the middle of the pack, which leads to solid driving performance without the hammer impacting, such as driving screws into 2×4 lumber. In this scenario, a cordless drill with a clutch may be a better power tool, but it’s good to have versatility when your drill driver isn’t in reach.

Switching to reverse significantly increases the RPM, helpful for dislodging stubborn screws.

Compare RPM test results

Driving speed

GRK total driving time forward (sec.): 19.2
GRK average driving time forward (sec.): 3.8
GRK total driving time reverse (sec.): 12.7
GRK average driving time reverse (sec.): 2.5

We don’t recommend the XDT13Z if you need an impact driver that primarily excels in driving big lag bolts or structural screws. The comparatively low impacts per minute combined with the torque result in slow driving performance for a comparable 18V impact driver.

The Makita 18V LXT XDT19Z, Dewalt 20V Max XR DCF845, and Milwaukee M18 Fuel 2953-20 are better options for heavy-duty driving tasks.

Compare driving speed test results

Drive modes

Drive modes: 1
Drive mode 1:  Max impact 
Drive mode 2:  N/A 
Drive mode 3:  N/A 
Drive mode 4:  N/A 
Variable speed trigger: Yes

One critical area where the XDT13Z lacks versatility is that it includes just a single drive mode. The lacking versatility is most noticeable in lighter-duty tasks where precision driving wins over brute force.

The included variable speed trigger does help, but having the option to select a lower-speed driving mode is essential for finishing screws accurately. Makita also includes a helpful assist driving mode in many of its impact drivers that needs to be included here.

Jumping up to the Makita 18V LXT XDT14Z is worthwhile if you’ve got the budget. You’ll get four drive modes, improved driving speed and torque, and long battery life, all in the same

Collet

Makita XDT13Z Collet Closeup

Collet size: 1/4-inch hex
Quick-change collet: Yes
Bit-eject collet: No
Easy-insert collet: Yes

The XDT13Z requires two hands to remove a bit since it doesn’t include a bit eject collet. Makita’s collets don’t smoothly accept an inserted bit like Dewalt and Ryobi models, but you can insert a bit with one hand without extending the collet.

Most Dewalt impact drivers are ideal for one-handed bit changes since these impact drivers include a well-designed easy-insert and bit-eject collet.

Motor

Motor: Brushless
Impacts per minute: 3,600.0

The XDT13Z includes a brushless motor that helps with battery life, smoothes driving performance, and improves durability. However, we haven’t tested the multi-year durability to confirm its working life.

The low advertised impacts per minute are one reason the XDT13Z doesn’t shine on par with flagship models in our lab driving speed tests.

Battery run time

Power type: Cordless
Battery run time (min.): 56.0
Battery tested: 18V LXT 2Ah (BL1820B)
Voltage: 18

Most Makita impact drivers we’ve tested have outstanding battery life, and that’s no different here. Battery run time is where the XDT13Z shines compared to other models in its price range, and even when compared to flagship models from other brands.

We tested battery run time with the 2Ah battery version. We expect the battery run time to perform similarly well when running the XDT13Z with a Makita 18V LXT 5Ah battery and comparing it with 5Ah setups from other brands.

Compare battery test results

Charging time

Makita 18V Fuel Gauge

Charger tested: Makita LXT Rapid Optimum (DC18RC)
Charging time 2Ah battery (min.): 24.0
Charging time 2.5Ah battery (min.): Not tested
Charging time 4Ah battery (min.): Not tested
Charging time 5Ah battery (min.): 51.0
Charging time per Ah (min.): 11.1
Fuel gauge: On battery

The Rapid Optimum charger (DC18RC) included in most Makita kits charges batteries exceptionally fast. Our tests found that this charger tops off 5Ah batteries in less time than it takes to charge smaller-capacity 2Ah batteries from other brands using their standard kit chargers.

Makita’s DC18RC charger only charges a single battery voltage. You’ll need a dedicated charger for your 12V and 18V Makita tools. Many Milwaukee drills and Dewalt drills come in kits with chargers that charge multiple voltage batteries in one, conveniently saving space in your shop if you have several tools on those platforms.

Compare charging test results

Design & ergonomics

Stands upright w/o battery: Yes
Stands upright w/ battery: Yes
Grip material: Rubber overgrip
Magnetic holder: No
Bit holder: No
Belt hook: Yes
Handle angle (deg.): 82.0
Head angle (deg.): 90.0

Weight

Makita XDT13Z On Scale

Bare weight (lbs): 2.02
Weight w/ 2Ah battery (lbs): 2.86
Weight w/ 2.5Ah battery (lbs):  Not tested
Weight w/ 4Ah battery (lbs):  Not tested
Weight w/ 5Ah battery (lbs): 4.36

The XDT13Z is one of the heavier bare tools in the XDT lineup but is light compared to some other 18V impact drivers that more commonly approach 2.25 lbs.

The working weight can differ significantly depending on the battery run in your setup. To keep it as lightweight as possible, we recommend combining the XDT13Z with Makita’s LXT 18V 2Ah battery for a good balance of performance and weight.

If weight is less of a concern, pair the XDT13Z with Makita’s LXT 18V 5Ah battery for a longer run time and improved driving performance.

Compare weight test results

Footprint

Makita XDT13Z Footprint1
Makita XDT13Z Footprint2

Max height (bare tool, in.): 7.625
Max width (bare tool, in.): 3.125
Collet to back length (in.): 4.875
Base length (bare tool, in.): 3.625
Base width (bare tool, in.): 3.125
Trigger circumference (in.): 6.250
Handle circumference (in.): 5.125

The XDT13Z squeezes nicely into tight spaces with its short collet-to-back length that rivals the footprints of sub-compact impact drivers. This maneuverable design is welcome, especially in this category where one shared sacrifice made for a low price is a bulky tool.

Compare footprint test results

Driving clearance

Min. interior width clearance (in.): 7.625
Min. top edge clearance (in.): 1.250
Min. interior 45-deg. clearance (in.): 5.875

The XDT13Z has a short length from the collet to the back. The small size explains why it nicely squeezes into tight spaces, including reaching through small openings and performing well in our driving clearance tests. The XDT13Z is one of the few models we’ve tested that broke the six-inch threshold in our interior 45-degree driving clearance test.

Compare driving clearance test results

Noise

XDT13Z Impact Driver Noise Chart

Max noise no load (dBA): 82.4
Max impacting noise (dBA): 95.0

The XDT13Z has excellent noise performance when impacting, especially for a non-hydraulic impact driver. Prolonged exposure to any impact driver’s percussion noise is damaging, but this is a good option if reducing noise is essential.

The Milwaukee M12 Fuel Surge 2551-20 and Milwaukee M18 Fuel Surge 2760-20 are other options since both are hydraulic impact drivers with quieter impacts.

Compare noise test results

Vibration

Max head vibration no load (m/s2): 30.1
Max grip vibration no load (m/s2): 3.9

Compare vibration test results

Light

Makita XDT13Z Light
Makita XDT13Z Light Closeup

Light: Yes
Light on/off: No
Number of lights: 2
Light time delay (sec.): 10.0

Many Makita impact drivers include a light with an on/off switch, but that’s one feature Makita dropped to lower the price point. That said, the light is bright enough to illuminate your work surface properly, and the light has a 10-second delay when releasing the trigger.

Warranty

Tool warranty (years): 3
Battery warranty (years): 3

Makita stands behind the durability of its impact drivers with exceptionally-long warranties. The XDT13Z has a three-year warranty. Makita 18V LXT batteries include a three-year warranty.

Picture of Nathan Hamilton
Nathan Hamilton
Nathan Hamilton is the founder of DIY Gear Reviews and a recognized expert in the home and DIY space. He has over 200 bylines covering topics such as power tools, hand tools, and woodworking. Nathan is the strategic director for DIY Gear Reviews, deciding everything from the content covered to designing the testing methodologies for lab-tested reviews. He can be emailed at nhamilton@diygearreviews.com.

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